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제목 Advance Directives and Factors Associated with the Completion in Patients with Heart Failure
주저자 김진실
교신저자 안민정
공동저자 신미승, 장영우, 김신미, 허성금, 차은석
DOI doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041780 
학술기관 PLOS ONE
발행기관 MDPI
논문 요약 Advance directive (AD) has been underutilized among patients with heart failure (HF). This study was performed to explore the ADs and examine factors associated with the completion of an AD survey in patients with HF. In a descriptive, correlational study, data on end-of-life values, treatment directives, and proxy (Korean-Advance Directive (K-AD) questionnaire) and factors associated with K-AD completion were collected among HF patients during outpatient visits. Of 67 patients (age, 67 years; male, 61.2%), 52.2% completed all or part of the K-AD. Among values, comfortable death was the most preferred (n = 15) followed by avoiding family burden (n = 6). In those completers, preferences for hospice care, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, ventilation support, and hemodialysis were 68.6%, 42.9%, 28.6%, and 28.6%, respectively. Female sex (odds ratio (OR) = 0.167), poorer HF prognosis (OR = 0.156), and better functional status (OR = 0.905) were associated with less likelihood of completing the AD survey. The findings suggest that in-depth AD discussion needs to be started earlier in patients with HF to facilitate completion of AD, especially in female patients. Future research should investigate if early discussion of ADs as part of advance care planning with integration into standard care of HF facilitates the documentation of ADs.
게재일자 2021년 02월 12일
조회수 832